Info. Technology Law
https://www.itlaw.in/rule-2-definitions-1/
Export date: Thu Aug 11 9:24:28 2022 / +0000 GMT

Rule 2: Definitions


(1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires-

(a) ‘access control mechanism' means any measure, including a technical measure, through which access to online curated content may be restricted based on verification of the identity or age of a user;

(b) ‘access services' means any measure, including technical measure such as closed captioning, subtitles and audio descriptions, through which the accessibility of online curated content may be improved for persons with disabilities;

(c) ‘Act' means the Information Technology Act, 2000 (21 of 2000);

(d) ‘child' means any person below the age of eighteen years;

(e) ‘committee' means the Inter-Departmental Committee constituted under rule 14;

(f) ‘communication link' means a connection between a hypertext or graphical element, and one or more items in the same or different electronic document wherein upon clicking on a
hyperlinked item, the user is automatically transferred to the other end of the hyperlink which can be another electronic record or another website or application or graphical element;

(g) ‘content' means the electronic record defined in clause (t) of section 2 of the Act;

(h) ‘content descriptor' means the issues and concerns which are relevant to the classification of any online curated content, including discrimination, depiction of illegal or harmful substances, imitable behaviour, nudity, language, sex, violence, fear, threat, horror and other such concerns as specified in the Schedule annexed to the rules;

(i) ‘digital media' means digitized content that can be transmitted over the internet or computer networks and includes content received, stored, transmitted, edited or processed by-
(i) an intermediary; or (ii) a publisher of news and current affairs content or a publisher of online curated content;

(j) ‘grievance' includes any complaint, whether regarding any content, any duties of an intermediary or publisher under the Act, or other matters pertaining to the computer resource of an intermediary or publisher, as the case may be;

(k) ‘Grievance Officer' means an officer appointed by the intermediary or the publisher, as the case may be, for the purposes of these rules;

(l) ‘Ministry' means, for the purpose of Part II of these rules unless specified otherwise, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, and for the purpose of Part III of these rules, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India;

(m) ‘news and current affairs content' includes newly received or noteworthy content, including analysis, especially about recent events primarily of socio-political, economic or cultural nature, made available over the internet or computer networks, and any digital media shall be news and current affairs content where the context, substance, purpose, import and meaning
of such information is in the nature of news and current affairs content.

(n) ‘newspaper' means a periodical of loosely folded sheets usually printed on newsprint and brought out daily or at least once in a week, containing
information on current events, public news or comments on public news;

(o) ‘news aggregator' means an entity who, performing a significant role in determining the news and current affairs content being made available,
makes available to users a computer resource that enable such users to access the news and current affairs content which is aggregated, curated and
presented by such entity.

(p) ‘on demand' means a system where a user, subscriber or viewer is enabled to access, at a time chosen by such user, any content in electronic form,
which is transmitted over a computer resource and is selected by the user;

(q) ‘online curated content' means any curated catalogue of audio-visual content, other than news and current affairs content, which is owned by, licensed to or contracted to be transmitted by a publisher of online curated content, and made available on demand, including but not limited through subscription, over the internet or computer networks, and includes films,
audio visual programmes, documentaries, television programmes, serials, podcasts and other such content;

(r) ‘person' means a person as defined in sub-section (31) of section 2 of the Income tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961);

(s) ‘publisher' means a publisher of news and current affairs content or a publisher of online curated content;

(t) ‘publisher of news and current affairs content' means an online paper, news portal, news aggregator, news agency and such other entity called by whatever name, which is functionally similar to publishers of news and current affairs content but shall not include newspapers, replica e-papers of the newspaper and any individual or user who is not transmitting content in
the course of systematic business, professional or commercial activity;

(u) ‘publisher of online curated content' means a publisher who, performing a significant role in determining the online curated content being made available, makes available to users a computer resource that enables such users to access online curated content over the internet or computer networks, and such other entity called by whatever name, which is functionally similar to publishers of online curated content but does not include any individual or user who is not transmitting online curated content in the course of systematic business, professional or commercial activity;

(v) ‘significant social media intermediary' means a social media intermediary having number of registered users in India above such threshold as notified by the Central Government;

(w) ‘social media intermediary' means an intermediary which primarily or solely enables online interaction between two or more users and allows them to create, upload, share, disseminate,
modify or access information using its services;

(x) ‘user' means any person who accesses or avails any computer resource of an intermediary or a publisher for the purpose of hosting, publishing, sharing, transacting, viewing, displaying, downloading or uploading information and includes other persons jointly participating in using such computer resource and addressee and originator;

(y) ‘user account' means the account registration of a user with an intermediary or publisher and includes profiles, accounts, pages, handles and other similar presences by means of which a user is able to access the services offered by the intermediary or publisher.

(2) Words and expressions used and not defined in these rules but defined in the Act and rules made thereunder shall have the same meaning as assigned to them in the Act and the said rules, as the case may be.
Post date: 2015-07-04 10:28:35
Post date GMT: 2015-07-04 04:58:35

Post modified date: 2021-07-13 11:22:40
Post modified date GMT: 2021-07-13 05:52:40

Export date: Thu Aug 11 9:24:28 2022 / +0000 GMT
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